Wednesday, April 18, 2012

Urbanization and Natural Disasters in the Mediterranean Population Growth and Climate Change in the 21st Century Case Studies on Izmit, Algiers and Alexandria

by Hans Günter Brauch

This paper analyzes the relationship between urbanization – in relation with population growth and climate change – (as causes) and natural disasters as outcomes of environmental stress for the Mediterranean region from 1900 to 2001 – with a specific focus at three case studies in Turkey, Algeria and Egypt. It includes trends of urbanization up to 2015/2030, for population growth up to 2050, and projections of climate change impact models until 2100 that will increase both the vulnerability to and impact of natural disasters. Based on a medium definition of the Mediterranean space (figure 1) that includes all Mediterranean riparian countries plus Portugal, Jordan and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (Brauch 2001, 2001a, 2003) this paper addresses both the increasing vulnerability of major cities to geophysical and hydro-meteorological disasters due to rapid urbanization combined with extreme poverty in most countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA).

more about urbanization:

Strategy for Sustainable Urban Development: A Case Study of Urmia City, Iran

Can Chongqing's Urbanization Survive China's Shrinking Workforce?

Analyzing Land Use Change In Urban Environments

Modeling the environmental impacts of urban land use and land cover change—a study in Merseyside, UK

Remote Sensing and Urban Growth Models – Demands and Perspectives

Urban Transport Trends and Policies in China and India: Impacts of Rapid Economic Growth

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